Essay on Artificial Intelligence: History, Benefits, Drawbacks and Future

Essay on Artificial Intelligence 

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a term of computer science, has lately become the topic of interest because of their impact on business, technology and healthcare as well. There was about $300 million in venture capital invested in Artificial Intelligence strat-ups in 2014, a 300% increase than the previous years.

AI is changing faster than its history can be written, so predictions about its future quickly become obsolete as well. In this article, we will sketch an Essay on Artificial Intelligence describing the points like benefits and drawbacks of Artificial Intelligence,  fields of Artificial Intelligence, the risks of Artificial Intelligence and the future of Artificial Intelligence. This essay on Artificial Intelligence will help immense to all and the learners. 

Essay on Artificial Intelligence in 600 Words:

History of Artificial Intelligence:

Artificial Intelligence has been around for a long time – the Greek myths contain stories of mechanical men designed to mimic human behavior. Very early European computers were conceived as “logical machines”, reproducing capabilities such as basic arithmetic and memory, attempting to create mechanical brains. As technology and the understanding of working of human minds has progressed, the concept of AI has changed, concentrating on mimicking human decision-making process and carrying out tasks in more human ways.

AI is now everywhere, from gaming stations to maintaining complex information at work. With the emergence of the internet providing a huge increase in the amount of digital information being generated, stored and made available for analysis. These innovations made it more effective to code computers to think like human beings, and then plug them into the internet to give them access to all of the information in the world.

How does Artificial Intelligence Work:

Artificial Intelligence is the study to train the computers, so that computers can do things which at present only humans can do: An intelligence where all the capabilities that humans contain are added to machines. According to Stanford Researcher, John McCarthy, artificial intelligence is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines and computer programs to understand human Intelligence.

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Benefits of Artificial Intelligence:

Efficiency and Accuracy:

Artificial Intelligence automates mundane tasks, improving efficiency across different sectors like – healthcare, business, science and technology, transportation etc. Chatbots handle customer service inquiries, while autonomous robots streamline manufacturing. AI driven data analysis enables faster decision making.

AI systems have the capability to learn from previous cases and store knowledge as well as access stored knowledge anywhere around the globe. Researchers say that it is scientifically proven that these networks can diagnose fast and accurately many healthcare problems and other queries and solve according reducing the human errors. 

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Quick Solutions Making:

Healthcare, business, automobile or customer care organizations are empowered to make decisions based on data which can be accessed by AI at breakneck speed. AI mines vast databases for useful information using sophisticated algorithms, assisting businesses in making decisions. AI driven decisions are what lead to success, from supply chain optimization to customized marketing strategies. 

Revolution in Healthcare:

From interacting with patients to directing patients to the most effective care-setting, virtual nursing assistance, AI has saved healthcare industry billion of dollar annually. AI robots can analyze data from pre-medical records to guide a surgeon during surgery. AI has been used in oncology to help detect abnormalities in X-rays and MRIs and in genomics to perform complex processing. 

Improve Digital Communication:

Artificial intelligence powered assistive technologies, such as text-speech and voice recognition make it possible for persons to communicate with digital platforms promoting inclusivity. 

Drawbacks of Artificial Intelligence:

High Cost:

Creation of artificial intelligence requires huge costs as they are very complex machines. Their repair and maintenance require huge costs. They have software programs which need frequent upgrade to cater to the needs of the changing environment and the need for the machines to be smarter. 

Does not provide original creativity:

As the artificial intelligence works on huge database and previous records, they have not the power of thinking that the human brain has. That is why, artificial intelligence does not have the originality of a creative mind. 


As many industries replace human powers with artificial intelligence, it creates an undesirable unemployment. Artificial intelligence empowers human intelligence. This leads to many people jobless. 

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Fields of Artificial Intelligence:

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare:

Healthcare industry has been using AI-based diagnostic systems to examine medical images, identify diseases, storing medical records of the patients with remarkably high accuracy. 

Essay on Artificial Intelligence, Artificial intelligence in Healthcare

Artificial Intelligence in Customer Service:

With the ability of 24×7 of virtual presence, AI-based mechanism is offering instant solutions to the queries of customer at ease.

Artificial Intelligence in Gaming:

Artificial Intelligence has made revolutionary changes in the gaming  world whether it is in computer computer or in mobile phone. Not only that many games like chess is played by the expert players challenging the ability of artificial intelligence. 

Essay on Artificial Intelligence, Artificial Intelligence in Gaming

Artificial Intelligence in Education:

AI-based personalized learning platforms are providing the students their learning needs, making education more accessible and effective. 

Artificial Intelligence in Transport:

Self-driving curs or driverless cars and vehicles packed with AI-based software are the new revolution in transportation system, promising to reduce traffic congestion and accident-free.

Artificial Intelligence in Scientific Research:

AI is helping the scientists worldwide to discover new innovations in the fields like genomics, materials science, space science, climate research analyzing huge database at a breakneck speed.

Risks of Artificial Intelligence:

Safety and Security: 

As the artificial intelligence is still relatively new, there is a chance that it will be less precise and reliable. The AI must have to go through some more time period, then it will be trustworthy enough to maintain the security of sensitive data, handling private information. 

Lack of proper training: 

Lack of training system for professionals is another challenge that AI has to face. For some people,  learning how to use technology may be difficult. Similar to this, not everyone is receptive to information provided by a robot. 


Many countries and organisations are not still educate enough to feel comfortable of using AI-based solutions. This will allow artificial intelligence to learn and get wiser which will increase its value.

Ethical Circumstances: 

Moral concerns are raised when AI is used to make decisions in difficult ethical situations. The necessity of ethical standards in AI in such circumstance is further needed to be improved.

Future of Artificial Intelligence:

AI has been becoming more and more popular in a variety of industries. AI has the potential to significantly improve the accuracy and decision-making beyond the limit of human capabilities. But in order to prevent the deterioration of critical talents, it is necessary to maintain a balance between AI and human capabilities. 


While artificial intelligence has brought remarkable innovations, it is essential to acknowledge the drawbacks, risks factors and safety concerns. As we look to the future, AI will inevitably become a part of our daily life. It is our duty to steer artificial intelligence to serve for the humanity. Artificial intelligence which will have to cover many paths of development, definitely promises new exciting developments and innovations. 

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