Non finite Verbs Examples Definition

Non-finite Verbs with Examples Definition Types 

Non-finite Verbs Types Examples

The article contains --

■ What are Non-finite Verbs 

■ Non-finite Verbs Types 

■ What is Infinitive 

■ What is Gerund 

■ What is Participle 

What are Non-finite Verbs:

The verbs which are not limited by number and person of their subject or time and retain the same form are called Non-finite Verbs or Verbals.

What are the types of Non-finite Verbs:

There are three types of Non-finites:
               Classification of Non-finites

A) What is Infinitive:

The Infinitive is the present form of verb, often preceded by 'to'. It is also referred as to+Verb. It can be used both with or without to.

Classification of Infinitive:

What are the types of Infinitive:

1) Simple Infinitive: 
The Simple Infinitive (Noun) does the work of a Noun.
●To love man is to love God. (as the subject of verb)
●To err is human. (as the subject of verb)
●I did not mean to hurt him. (as the object of verb)
●His main purpose is to sleep. (as the complement of verb)
●The programme is about to begin. (as the object of preposition)

2) Gerundial Infinitive (Modifying): The Gerundial Infinitive or Modifying Infinitive does the work of Adverb or an Adjective. 
●Vidyasagar went to see his mother. (qualifying verb)
●He is not fit to do the work. (qualifying an adjective)

Split Infinitive: Split Infinitive is the syntactic habit of placing an Adverb between to and a Verb in an infinitival structure. 
●This will enable them to successfully compete with others.

B) What is Participle:

A Participle is that form of the verb which partakes of the nature both of a Verb and of an Adjective. 

There are three types of Participle
               Classification of Participle:

What are the types of Participle:

1) Present Participle: The Present Participle is formed by adding 'ing' to the base form of a Verb and represents an action as going on or incomplete or imperfect. 
●Hearing the noise the boy woke up. 
●Loudly knocking at the gate, the boy ran away. 

2) Past Participle: The Past Participle is formed by adding ed, en, d, t, or n to the base of form of a Verb and indicates an action already completed. It is usually used in the passive voice. 
●Driven by hunger the man stole a piece of bread. 

3) Perfect Participle: The Perfect Participle is formed by prefixing 'having' to the past participle of the verb and it represents an action as completed at some past time. 
●Having rested we continued our journey. 
●The work having been done, we went to home. 

C) What is Gerund:

Gerund: A Gerund is that form of Verb which ends in ing, and has the force of a Noun and a Verb. 
●Seeing is believing. (subject of a verb) 
●I like reading poetry. (object of a verb) 
●He is fond of swimming. (object of a preposition) 

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